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Wednesday, May 13, 2020 | History

2 edition of Assessment of the effects of oil on Arctic marine fish and marine mammals found in the catalog.

Assessment of the effects of oil on Arctic marine fish and marine mammals

Johnson, L.

Assessment of the effects of oil on Arctic marine fish and marine mammals

a report

by Johnson, L.

  • 181 Want to read
  • 35 Currently reading

Published by Western Region, Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans in Winnipeg, Man .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Fishes -- Arctic regions -- Effect of water pollution.,
  • Oil spills -- Environmental aspects -- Arctic regions.,
  • Oil spills and wildlife -- Arctic regions.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementcommissioned by the Arctic Research Directors Committee of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans ; and prepared by L. Johnson, with assistance from E.B. Bennett, E.M. Levy, A.W. Mansfield.
    SeriesCanadian technical report of fisheries and aquatic sciences -- no. 1200
    ContributionsBennett, E. B., Arctic Research Directors Committee (Canada)
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsSH"223"C35"no.1200
    The Physical Object
    Pagination15 p :
    Number of Pages15
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL20960380M

      However, Arctic fish also serve as a human food source and “Arctic fisheries are among the most productive fisheries in the world” (IAOGP, , p. 34). Historically important Arctic commercial fish species include various types of cod, capelin, herring, plaice and halibut (IAOGP, ). detrimental to marine mammals or their environment. Shock Waves Effects Hill1 has provided an exhaustive review of the effects of underwater 'Hill, S. H. A guide to the effects of un­ derwater shock waves on Arctic marine mammals and fish. Unpubl. manuscr., 50 p. ills!. Ocean Sci., Patricia Bay, Sidney, B.C., Pac. Mar. Sci. Rep.

    Marine Mammals and Noise (Richardson et al. ) was the first book to review and synthesize research on the noise effects on marine mammals. In the 15 years since then, a handful of review projects have been undertaken, with focus on specific aspects (e.g., Committee on Characterizing Biologically Significant Marine Mammal Behavior Cited by: The realities of oil: Drilling in the Arctic. States such as Alaska, however, depend on oil to keep their state running, and about 85 percent of its budget is supplied by oil revenues.

    potential problems such as fumes from oil affecting marine mammals eyes and respiratory system, and oil fouling the balen of whales. 4,5 Noises from industrial activity (seismic work, drilling, etc.) affect marine File Size: KB. Human activities affect marine life and marine habitats through overfishing, habitat loss, the introduction of invasive species, ocean pollution, ocean acidification and ocean impact marine ecosystems and food webs and may result in consequences as yet unrecognised for the biodiversity and continuation of marine life forms.. According to the IPCC (), since "many marine.


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Assessment of the effects of oil on Arctic marine fish and marine mammals by Johnson, L. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Assessment of the effects of oil on arctic marine fish and marine mammals: a report. [L Johnson; Arctic Research Directors Committee (Canada); Canada. Department of Fisheries and Oceans. Western Region.].

Marine mammals are common, highly visible, and charismatic species that are potentially vulnerable to oil contamination, yet we know surprisingly little about the effects of oil on either individuals or populations. In this regard, the Exxon Valdez oil spill in the nearshore waters of Alaska is unique.

This spill of 11 million gallons of Prudhoe Bay crude oil resulted in the death of numerous killer Cited by: 4. Sea Mammals and Oil: Confronting the Risks summarizes the effects of spilled petroleum, or “oil”, on five groups of marine mammals, including seals, whales and dolphins, sea otters, polar bears, and Edition: 1.

The consequences of oil fouling on marine mammals are also considered. Comprised of nine chapters, this volume begins with a discussion on the acute toxic effects of petroleum on Arctic and subarctic marine organisms, together with the bioassay techniques used to conduct acute toxicity Edition: 1.

The effects of petroleum on disease and disease resistance in marine fish and invertebrates are analyzed, along with the metabolism of petroleum hydrocarbons and their accumulation and biotransformation in marine organisms.

The consequences of oil fouling on marine mammals. Marine Mammals & Arctic Oil and Gas Operations: Monitoring and Mitigation of Effects The Arctic Biodiversity Congress 3 December Koen Broker –Shell Global Solutions. 2 Effects of seismic on dive cycles f 0 5 r 3 2 r 0 2 l 6 7 g 2 0 g 9 3 w 5 5 p 4 5.

- Behavior studies indicate that. Aquatic Toxicology, 4 ) Elsevier REVIEW ARTICLE PETROLEUM EFFECTS ON MARINE MAMMALS F. RAINER ENGEL'HARDT Env~onmentalProtection Branch, Canada OH and Gas Lands Admin~tration, River Road, Ottawa K1A OE4, Canada (Received 6 January ; accepted 14March ) Interest in the effects of petroleum on marine mammals has been stimulated both by Cited by: Anthropogenic Interests in a Changing Arctic 5.

Crude oil, the weathering process and oil in ice interactions 5. Early life stages of marine fish and their sensitivity to crude oil 7. Cardiotoxicity 8.

Polar Cod a Keystone species in the Arctic 9. Objectives Offshore oil exploration, drilling and production can threaten the fish and marine mammals that Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic rely on. Whales and other marine mammals are exposed to harmful underwater noise, as they use sound to navigate, find mates, and search for food in dark Arctic waters.

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Perennial as well as seasonal sea ice make up an important habitat for Arctic marine ecosystems, where polynyas.

and leads make room for diverse species assemblages of birds and marine mammals. Walruses in a lead in the. species, Arctic marine mammals are ill equipped to respond quickly to rapid climate change. The ecological scale of marine mammals, based on their natural histories, ranges from years to decades and from tens to thousands of kilometers (Fig.

These temporal and spatial scales are small compared with evolutionary and geologic scales, but vast Cited by: Ocean acidification will have direct and indirect effects on Arctic marine life. It is likely that some marine organisms will respond positively to new conditions associated with ocean acidification, while others will be disadvantaged, possibly to the point of local extinction Examples of direct effects include changes in growth rate or behavior.

Arctic marine species are few, but each species have high numbers. Advances in the melting of the Arctic ice have implications for zooplankton, fisheries, fish stocks, marine mammals, marine birds, which appear to be shifting northward. The number of species generally decreases with.

marine debris, dredging and disposal etc. Special emphasis is placed on effects of oil spills and marine debris due largely to the Deepwater Horizon oil blowout in the Gulf of Mexico and proliferation of data on the assimilation and effects of marine debris microparticulates.

Several topicalCited by: In addition to fish and marine mammals that are impacted by oil pollution, pelagic seabirds are directly also affected. These open ocean birds spend the majority of their life feeding at sea and can be affected from oil pollution by two ways.

The first is by ingesting fish or other organisms that are contaminated from oil toxins already. The focus is on marine species, an overview of Arctic marine fishbut es is incomplete without considering anadromous fish, which occur in nearshorees areas freshened by summer runoff but may.

Noise and the Effects on Marine Mammals A Pocket Handbook 3rd Edition Compiled by Christine Erbe [email protected] – Markham St. Victoria, British Columbia V8Z 7X8 Canada Tel: + Fax: + [email protected] – 32 Troop Ave.

Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B3B 1Z1 Canada Tel: +File Size: 1MB. The slow rate of biological degradation of oil at near-zero temperatures has led biologists to suggest that oil spills in the Arctic Ocean might remain there for periods of 50 years or more.

The dynamics of the ice pack combined with the long life of the oil could allow an oil spill to have a major effect on the albedo in certain regions of the. Oil spills are harmful to marine birds and mammals as well as fish and shellfish. Following an oil spill, there are specialists and veterinarians to deal with oiled wildlife.

These experts are trained on how to clean oil from animals, rehabilitate them, and return them to the environment. Arctic fisheries and tourism are also of particularly high value for the rest of the world, and so are the millions of Arctic birds and mammals migrating to virtually all parts of the globe during winter.

Until the second half of the 20th century, overharvest was the primary threat to a number of Arctic mammals. Some marine mammals were impacted as well - mostly harbor seals. Additionally, The Marine Mammal Center's Veterinarians and volunteers traveled to Valdez in to assist in rescues during that major oil spill to help rescue harbor seals.

The Marine Mammal Center: Oil Spill Response and Marine Mammals .“Continued research on the possible effects of oil exposure on marine species is critical to support responsible development and protect valuable Arctic marine resources and ecosystems,” added Laurel.

Additional Rescources. Embryonic Crude Oil Exposure Impairs Growth and Lipid Allocation in a Keystone Arctic Forage Fish.Effects of Petroleum on Arctic and Subarctic Marine Environments and Organisms, Volume II: Biological Effects examines the biological effects of petroleum on marine ecosystems and organisms in Arctic and subarctic regions.

The effects of petroleum on disease and disease resistance in marine fish and invertebrates are analyzed, along with the metabolism of petroleum hydrocarbons and their accumulation and biotransformation in marine organisms.